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World Cup 2022: how many migrant workers have died in Qatar?

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Here is a have a look at migrant workers’ rights points in Qatar, which is internet hosting the 2022 World Cup from Nov. 20-Dec. 18:

WHAT IS QATAR’S RECORD ON MIGRANT WORKERS’ RIGHTS?

* Qatar, the place foreigners make up the vast majority of the two.9 million inhabitants, has confronted intense criticism from human rights teams over its remedy of migrant workers.

* A 48-page report by Amnesty, Reality Check 2021, mentioned that practices resembling withholding salaries and charging workers to vary jobs have been nonetheless rife, regardless of labour reforms in 2014.

* The authorities of Qatar mentioned its labour system was nonetheless a piece in progress however denied allegations in the report that 1000’s of migrant workers in the 2022 World Cup host nation have been being trapped and exploited.

HOW MANY MIGRANT WORKERS HAVE DIED IN QATAR?

* Britain’s Guardian reported final 12 months that not less than 6,500 migrant workers – many of them engaged on World Cup tasks – had died in Qatar because it gained the suitable to stage the World Cup, in line with the paper’s calculations from official data.

* In response, Qatar mentioned the variety of deaths was proportionate to the scale of the migrant workforce, and included many non-manual workers, including that each life misplaced was a tragedy.

* Max Tunon, head of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Qatar workplace, cautioned that Qatar employee dying information is incessantly reported with out vital nuance.

* “The (Guardian’s) number includes all deaths in the migrant population … without differentiation between migrant workers and the general migrant population, let alone fatalities that resulted from occupational injuries,” the ILO mentioned.

* Qatari World Cup organisers, the Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy (SC), mentioned there have been three work-related fatalities and 34 non-work-related deaths amongst workers at World Cup 2022 websites.

WHAT CHANGES HAS QATAR IMPLEMENTED TO ITS LABOUR LAWS?

* Qatar has modified its labour legal guidelines to dismantle a lot of its “kafala” sponsorship system, absolving workers of the necessity to get the permission of the employer who sponsored their visa in order to vary jobs or go away the nation.

* It has additionally elevated the minimal wage by 25 per cent to 1,000 Qatari riyals ($274.65) a month, and utilized it to all workers quite than Qataris solely.

* Qatar has arrange an insurance coverage fund to assist migrants that have been cheated of their wages.

HOW HAVE FOOTBALL ASSOCIATIONS ADDRESSED THE ISSUE?

* The soccer associations of 10 European international locations, together with England and Germany, wrote an open letter to FIFA forward of the World Cup calling on the world governing physique to take motion to enhance the rights of migrant workers in Qatar.

* A gaggle of 11 European soccer associations met with FIFA earlier this month, saying that the governing physique had confirmed help for a everlasting ILO workplace in Doha that will help and advise migrant workers.

* In September, England’s FA mentioned households of migrant workers in Qatar who have been injured or killed whereas developing the infrastructure for this 12 months’s World Cup ought to be compensated.

* The shirts worn by the Netherlands group in the course of the World Cup can be auctioned to help migrant workers in Qatar, the Dutch Football Association (KNVB) mentioned this month.

* The Netherlands group mentioned they may even take time throughout their keep in Qatar to speak to migrants who helped construct the stadiums for the World Cup.

WHAT MEASURES HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED BY RIGHTS GROUPS?

* Amnesty and different rights teams have led requires FIFA to compensate migrant workers in Qatar for human rights abuses by setting apart $440 million, matching the World Cup prize cash.

* FIFA has mentioned it was assessing Amnesty’s proposition and implementing an “unprecedented due diligence process in relation to the protection of workers involved”.

* FIFA added that it was working with the organising committee and had already compensated a variety of workers.

* Amnesty has additionally outlined a 10-point motion plan, calling on Qatar to “address serious gaps and remaining weaknesses in its labour reform process”.

(Compiled by Aadi Nair in Bengaluru; Editing by Peter Rutherford)



Source: www.channelnewsasia.com

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