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More than a month now, single-use plastic ban not so effective in Bengaluru

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Despite Karnataka being the primary State to ban single-use plastic in 2016, the menace continues primarily due to lack of understanding amongst distributors, shopkeepers and prospects

Despite Karnataka being the primary State to ban single-use plastic in 2016, the menace continues primarily due to lack of understanding amongst distributors, shopkeepers and prospects

Lathakumari (title modified), a vegetable vendor in Bommanahalli continues to make use of single-use plastic (SUP) covers to pack greens for her prospects, like a few years earlier than, regardless of a nationwide ban on the identical since July 1. Most of her prospects are not conscious of the ban and not able to spend on options like material or paper baggage.

Lathakumari says that she hides the SUP covers at any time when BBMP marshals come on rounds to test the usage of SUP. She solely provides the plastic cowl for the shoppers who do not carry their very own carry baggage. “We don’t want our customers to be unhappy when we say bring your own bag, hence we still give the SUP since the other alternatives like cloth bags or paper bags are costly, we cannot afford that, neither our customers,” she stated. So far ever because the ban of SUP, the BBMP has imposed a positive of ₹59,600 and seized 93.5 kg of plastic in eight zones of the town.

The ban was considerably effective at bigger business institutions in the town the place the homeowners determined to change to paper baggage, however on the floor degree, from neighbourhood vegetable distributors to grocery outlets, no one may lower down on the usage of low-cost and simply out there plastic baggage in the town.

BBMP officers say that they’ve been at enforcement for almost 5 years. A senior BBMP official stated that zonal groups are visiting business areas in the course of the weekends and finishing up drives. “We have constituted teams and they have been collecting information and penalising offenders while also creating awareness in the city,” officers stated.

BBMP officials along with marshals raid shops to check the use of banned plastic in Bengaluru on July 11, 2022.

BBMP officers together with marshals raid outlets to test the usage of banned plastic in Bengaluru on July 11, 2022.
| Photo Credit: SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

The ban and the positive

From plastic carry baggage, cutlery, and banners, to wrapping movies, a number of gadgets are banned. The medical sector will get an exemption from this rule.

The implementation is going down beneath Rules 4(c), 4(d) of the Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2021 and if the banned gadgets are used, they are going to be seized and the manufacturing models will probably be closed with penalties. Retailers and road distributors promoting these merchandise will probably be fined ₹200 for the primary time, and ₹500, ₹1,000 for the next two offences. For producers, the primary violation is fined at ₹2,000, the second violation at ₹5,000 and the third violation at ₹10,000. Further, producers, as per Rule 4 (c) of the foundations, will probably be fined ₹5,000, ₹10,000, and ₹20,000 for the primary, second, and third offences, respectively.

“The use of SUP is completely banned and the BBMP is creating awareness among vendors and citizens to use reusable cloth bags and paper bags. As part of implementing the ban, the marshals are conducting surprise raids at shops, hotels, street vendors, manufacturing units and seizing the banned plastic items,” Mr. Rajbir Singh stated.

The Central Pollution Control Board in its order dated June 30 had acknowledged, “The manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of the following single-use plastic, including polystyrene and expanded polystyrene, commodities shall be prohibited with effect from the 1st of July, 2022.”

Mannequins with with plastic covers at a showroom in Bengaluru on July 19, 2022.

Mannequins with with plastic covers at a showroom in Bengaluru on July 19, 2022.
| Photo Credit: BHAGYA PRAKASH Ok.

What distributors, hawkers say

Despite Karnataka being the primary State in the nation to ban single-use plastic in 2016 with the Plastic Waste Management Rules, the SUP menace continues unchecked as a result of lack of understanding amongst distributors, shopkeepers and prospects.

There is little consciousness of the ban. Ok.R. Market being one of many largest markets in Bengaluru, it alone makes use of giant portions of plastic baggage. “I use plastic bags for packaging because it is convenient. Especially for flowers, I cannot pack them in paper or cloth bags because they are wet flowers,” stated P. Kumar, a flower vendor at Ok.R. Market.

Another vendor says the SUP is cheaper than different options, “To be honest, plastic bags are cheaper than paper bags. Paper bags are ₹5 while plastic bags are ₹10. I am fine with cloth bags as well, but whichever is cheaper is what I go for,” stated one other vendor at Ok.R. Market. “These bans keep coming and going from the last few years, but it’s true now the BBMP is checking all of us. We spend money to buy paper bags and then after a few days, no one will care about it, even the civic body and plastic covers will continue to be used by all,” stated Manohar, a fruit vendor in BTM Layout.

Tender coconut sellers, whose companies primarily rely on plastic straws, suppose that the choice paper straw is not understanding for them in any respect. “Not only are they costly, they also get soggy easily,” stated Prasad, a vendor in Bannerghatta street, including that he does not have a selection now due to the ban, he has discovered another however not working effectively. Around 253 million plastic straws are getting used in Bengaluru alone yearly, in response to KSPCB.

Lack of consciousness

Many prospects are not conscious of the SUP ban and proceed to make use of it. Mr Rajbir Singh stated, “The first step to preventing single-use plastic is ample awareness which includes the public getting the news of the seizing of plastic through the word of mouth, along with announcements made in market places, and railway stations usually. Another step is to check the supply through the city.”

Meanwhile, a few vendors have found alternative methods to pack their products. “We use brown paper baggage and handmade embroidered baggage in which we pack our merchandise”, said Rauf Jan, a manufacturer and exporter of handicrafts & jewellery in Shivajinagar.

Since the 2016 ban, 112 plastic units in the State have been issued Notice of Proposed Direction’s (NPD) for manufacture of the banned items. Another 35 units had committed violations under Section 5 of the Act and 104 units have been issued closure direction and 35 Units (around nine in Ballari and three in Mysuru) have had criminal cases filed against them. Despite stringent measures by the KSPCB, the inflow of SUP from neighbouring States continues, said Shanth A. Thimmaiah, chairman, KSPCB.

The KPSCB has asked civic bodies across the State to take the help of self-help groups, non-governmental organisations and volunteers to take up a large-scale awareness campaign regarding ban on SUP. “There is a want for stopping the manufacturing of single-use plastic itself after which, on the degree of transportation and use. And, after the ban it is usually the duty of each citizen to make sure the implementation of the order,” he stated.

Environmental harm

Unlike thicker and denser plastic materials, SUP objects being mild and versatile are much less amenable to being recycled. While 99% of plastic is recycled, they represent heavier plastics which can be prone to be collected by ragpickers and plastic waste recyclers.

Single-use plastics do not present an incentive sufficient for the hassle wanted to gather them and therefore they lie round, leach their toxins into the soil and trigger environmental harm in each land and sea.

Thimmaiah stated that SUP has been a main explanation for air pollution on earth, there’s a want for creating intensive consciousness on stopping its use. “Plastic was introduced as an alternative to depleting forest resources in 1907, but subsequently, on realising its detrimental effects, the nation in 1999 introduced the Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage Rules in an effort to curb plastic pollution,” Mr. Thimmaiah stated.

(Inputs by Vibha Rao and Shuvam Roy)



Source: www.thehindu.com

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